Surah Qadr verses 1-5
In Surah Dukhan verses 3-5
Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind].
On that night is made distinct every precise matter –
[Every] matter [proceeding] from Us. Indeed, We were to send [a messenger].
Qadar means that Allah has decreed everything that happens in the universe according to His prior knowledge and the dictates of His wisdom.
Belief in al-Qadar includes four things:
1 – The belief that Allaah knows all things, in general and in detail, from eternity to eternity, whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of His slaves.
2 – The belief that Allaah has written that in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees).
Concerning these two matters Allah says in Surah al-Hajj 22:70
“Know you not that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz). Verily, that is easy for Allaah”
Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As reported:
“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al Lawh Al Mahfooz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah”
“The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried” means,
What has been decreed has been written in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees), and nothing else will be written after that is finished.
Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 7/186
The writing is of two types: one kind which cannot be altered or changed, which is what is in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz, and a type which may be altered or changed, which is in the hands of the angels. And the ultimate outcome is what is written in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz.
3 – The belief that whatever happens only happens by the will of Allaah – whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of created beings.
Allah says concerning His actions in Surah al-Qasas verse 68
“And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses”
4 – The belief that all things that happen are created by Allaah in their essence, their attributes and their movements.
Allah says in Surah al-Zumar verse 62
“Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian) over all things”
If a person believes in all these things then he believes correctly in the divine will and decree (al-qadar).
With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (ﷺ) used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers.
Sahih al-Bukhari 2024
Narrated `Ali bin Abi Talib:
One night Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) came to me and Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet (ﷺ) and asked, “Won’t you pray (at night)?”
I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Our souls are in the hands of Allah and if He wants us to get up He will make us get up.”
When I said that, he left us without saying anything and I heard that he was hitting his thigh and saying, “But man is more quarrelsome than anything.” (18.54)
Sahih al-Bukhari 1127
Supplicating For Forgiveness And To Be Kept Safe and Sound.
And Allah Alone knows and He is the source of all Power. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.