Qiyam al-Lail

JIHAD (4)

How to recite at night?

It was narrated that Abdullah bin Abi Qais said:
“I asked Aishah:
“How did the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) recite at night- did he recite loudly or silently?” She said: ‘He used to do both; sometimes he recited loudly and sometimes he recited silently.'”
Sunan an-Nasa’i 1662
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Qiyam al Lail

JIHAD (3)

With what should prayer at night begin?

Abu Salamah bin ‘Abdur-Rahman said:
“I asked ‘Aishah: ‘With what did the Prophet (ﷺ) start his prayer?’
She said: ‘When he got up to pray at night he would start his prayer with the words:
Allahumma Rabba Jibril wa Maika’il wa Israfil; Fatirus-samawati wal-ard, ‘alim al-ghaybi wash-shahadah, anta tahkumu bayna ‘ibadika fima kanu fihi yakhtalifun, Allahumma ihdini limakktulifa fihi min al-haqq innaka tahdi man tasha’ila siratin mustaqim (O Allah, Lord of Jibril, Mika’il and Israfil, Creator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen, You judge between Your slaves concerning wherein they differ. O Allah, guide me to the disputed matters of truth for You are the One Who guides to the Straight Path).”
 Sunan an-Nasa’i 1625

Hadith

 

JIHAD (1)
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ حُصَيْنٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا قَامَ لِلتَّهَجُّدِ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ يَشُوصُ فَاهُ بِالسِّوَاكِ‏.‏

Narrated Hudhaifa:

Whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) got up for Tahajjud prayer he used to clean his mouth (and teeth) with Siwak.

Sahih al-Bukhari 1136

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‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The Miswak (tooth-stick) cleanses and purifies the mouth and pleases the Rubb.”

Riyad as Saliheen 1202

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Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak for every prayer.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 887

With what Qiyam should begin

JIHAD (2)

أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، وَالأَوْزَاعِيِّ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ كَعْبٍ الأَسْلَمِيِّ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أَبِيتُ عِنْدَ حُجْرَةِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَكُنْتُ أَسْمَعُهُ إِذَا قَامَ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ يَقُولُ ‏”‏ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ الْهَوِيَّ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏”‏ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ الْهَوِيَّ ‏.‏
It was narrated that Rabi’ah bin Ka’b Al-Aslami said:
“I used to stay overnight at the Prophet’s (ﷺ) apartment and I used to hear him when he prayed Qiyam at night saying: ‘Subhan Allahi Rabil-Alamin (Glory be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds)’ for a long time, then he said: ‘Subhan Allah wa bi hamdih (Glory and praise be to Allah) for a long time.”
Sunan an-Nasa’i 1618

The Night of Decree

saurah qadr (1)

Quran

Surah Qadr verses 1-5

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In Surah Dukhan verses 3-5

Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind].

On that night is made distinct every precise matter –

[Every] matter [proceeding] from Us. Indeed, We were to send [a messenger].

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Qadar means that Allah has decreed everything that happens in the universe according to His prior knowledge and the dictates of His wisdom. 

Belief in al-Qadar includes four things:

1 – The belief that Allaah knows all things, in general and in detail, from eternity to eternity, whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of His slaves.

2 – The belief that Allaah has written that in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees).

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Concerning these two matters Allah says in Surah al-Hajj 22:70

“Know you not that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz). Verily, that is easy for Allaah”

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Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As reported:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
Allah ordained the measures (of quality) of the creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, as His Throne was upon water.
Sahih Muslim 2653 b

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The first thing Allah created was the pen. He said to it: Write. It asked: What should I write, my Lord?
He said: Write what was decreed about everything till the Last Hour comes.
Sunan Abi Dawud 4700

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In Surah al-Hadid verse 22

“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al Lawh Al Mahfooz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah”

The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.

Al-Mubaarakpuri said:

“The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried” means,

What has been decreed has been written in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees), and nothing else will be written after that is finished.

Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 7/186

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The writing is of two types: one kind which cannot be altered or changed, which is what is in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz, and a type which may be altered or changed, which is in the hands of the angels. And the ultimate outcome is what is written in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz.

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3 – The belief that whatever happens only happens by the will of Allaah – whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of created beings.

Allah says concerning His actions in Surah al-Qasas verse 68

“And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses”

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4 – The belief that all things that happen are created by Allaah in their essence, their attributes and their movements.

Allah says in Surah al-Zumar verse 62

“Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian) over all things”

If a person believes in all these things then he believes correctly in the divine will and decree (al-qadar).

So the entire universe is the dominion of Allah, and nothing can happen in His dominion without His knowledge and will.

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Virtues of the Night of Qadr
‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to seclude himself (in the mosque) during the last ten nights of Ramadan. He would say, “Search for Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree) in the last ten nights of Ramadan.”
Riyad as Saliheen Hadith 201

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Doing Good deeds
Prayer at Night (Tahajjud)

 

Narrated Aisha:

With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (ﷺ) used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers.

Sahih al-Bukhari 2024

Narrated `Ali bin Abi Talib:

One night Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) came to me and Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet (ﷺ) and asked, “Won’t you pray (at night)?”

I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Our souls are in the hands of Allah and if He wants us to get up He will make us get up.

When I said that, he left us without saying anything and I heard that he was hitting his thigh and saying, “But man is more quarrelsome than anything.” (18.54)

Sahih al-Bukhari 1127

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Supplicating For Forgiveness And To Be Kept Safe and Sound.

It was narrated from ‘Aishah that she said:
“O Messenger of Allah, what do you think I should say in my supplication, if I come upon Laylatul-Qadr?”
He said: “Say: ‘Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni (O Allah, You are Forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me).'”
Sunan Ibn Majah 3850

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Rewards
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said:
“Whoever fasts during Ramadan” and according to the Hadith of Qutaibah, the Prophet said:
“Whoever spends the nights of Ramadan in prayer (Qiyam) out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will be forgiven his previous sins, and whoever spends the night of Lailat Al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will be forgiven his previous sins.”
Sunan an-Nasa’i 2202
So Laylat al-Qadr has this distinction, because it is prescribed for us during this night to strive hard in worship, du‘aa’ and dhikr, and to seek it

And Allah Alone knows and He is the source of all Power. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.

Invoke Allah in Surreptitiously

Sahih Muslim (9)

Offering Salat (prayer) and invoking Allah in the last hours of the night (Tahajjud)

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، وَأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الأَغَرِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ يَنْزِلُ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا حِينَ يَبْقَى ثُلُثُ اللَّيْلِ الآخِرُ يَقُولُ مَنْ يَدْعُونِي فَأَسْتَجِيبَ لَهُ مَنْ يَسْأَلُنِي فَأُعْطِيَهُ مَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُنِي فَأَغْفِرَ لَهُ ‏”‏‏.‏

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) (p.b.u.h) said,

“Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying:

“Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation?

Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request?

Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?”

Sahih al-Bukhari 1145

A Praised Station

qiyam al lail (7)

Quran

Surah Al Isra

verses 78-80

Establish prayer at the decline of the sun [from its meridian] until the darkness of the night and [also] the Qur’an of dawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is ever witnessed.

And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.

And say, “My Lord, cause me to enter a sound entrance and to exit a sound exit and grant me from Yourself a supporting authority.”

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He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) will attain the station of praise and glory (maqaam Mahmoud) on the Day of Resurrection. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salaah (prayer) with it (i.e. recite the Qur’aan in the prayer) as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer ____ Nawaafil) for you (O Muhammad). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqaam Mahmoud (a station of praise and glory, i.e., the honour of intercession on the Day of Resurrection)”

This refers to his intercession on the Day of Resurrection asking that judgement be passed among all of creation. That will happen after they have been gathered and stood for so long, and there befalls the people that which will befall them. The people will go to the Prophets and each one will excuse himself from interceding for them, until they come to our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He will go to his Lord and fall prostrate before Him, and he will ask to intercede for the people and it will be granted to him. It is called al-maqaam al-mahmoud (a station of praise and glory) because all of creation will praise Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for that status, because his intercession will be a cause of their suffering in the lengthy standing coming to an end. see here

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Narrated Abu Hurairah:
regarding Allah’s saying: “It may be that your Lord will raise you to a praised station (17:79)” that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was asked about it and he said: “It is the intercession.”
Jami at tirmidhi
Hadith 3137

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Narrated Ibn `Umar:

On the Day of Resurrection the people will fall on their knees and every nation will follow their prophet and they will say, “O so-and-so! Intercede (for us with Allah), “till (the right) intercession is given to the Prophet (Muhammad) and that will be the day when Allah will raise him into a station of praise and glory (i.e. Al-Maqam -al-Mahmud).

Sahih Al Bukhari

Hadith 242

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Jabir bin Abdullah narrated that :
Allah’s Messenger said: “Whoever says, when he hears the call: (Allahumma, rabba hadhihidda ‘watit-tammati was Salatilqa’imah, ati Muhammadanil wasilata wal-Fadilata, wab’athhu Maqamun Mahmudan alladhi wa’adtahu) ‘O Allah! Lord of this perfect call and established prayer, grant Muhammad Al-Wasilah and Al-Fadilah, and raise him to the praised station that you promised him’ – then intercession on the Day of Resurrection is made lawful for him.”
Jami` at-Tirmidhi 211
And Allah is the Source of all Power.