Qiyam al lail and Voluntary Prayers During the Day

JIHAD (5)

The differing narrations from ‘Aishah regarding staying up at night (in prayer)
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It was narrated from Aishah that:
The Prophet (ﷺ) came in to her and there was a woman with her. He said: “Who is this?” She said: “So-and-so, and she does not sleep.” And she told him about how she prayed a great deal. He said: “Stop praising her. You should do what you can, for by Allah (SWT), Allah never gets tired (of giving reward) until you get tired. And the most beloved of religious actions to Him is that in which a person persists.”
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Sunan an-Nasa’i 1642
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Salat al-Awwabin

Jannah (24)

عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه أنه رأى قومًا يصلون من الضحى، فقال‏:‏ أما لقد علموا أن الصلاة في غير هذه الساعة أفضل، إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ ‏ “‏صلاة الأوابين حين ترمض الفصال‏”‏‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه مسلم‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏
Zaid bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I saw some people performing Duha (prayers) in the early forenoon and warned them (saying): These people must know that performing Salat a little later is better. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The Salat of the penitent is to be observed when the young ones of camels feel the heat of the sun (i.e., when it becomes very hot).”[Muslim].
RIYAD AS SALIHEEN
Hadith 1143
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IN SAHIH MUSLIM
Salat al-Awwabin (the prayer of the penitent) is when the young camels feel the heat of the hot sand

Zaid b. Arqam, on seeing some people praying in the forenoon, said:

They well know that prayer at another time than this is more excellent, for Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: The prayer of those who are penitent is observed when your weaned camels feel the heat of the sun.
Sahih Muslim 748 a

Four Rakat before Al-Asr

Jannah (16)

What Has Been Related About The Four (Rak’ah) Before Asr

حَدَّثَنَا بُنْدَارٌ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ، هُوَ الْعَقَدِيُّ عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ عَمْرٍو حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ ضَمْرَةَ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُنَّ بِالتَّسْلِيمِ عَلَى الْمَلاَئِكَةِ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَلِيٍّ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَاخْتَارَ إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ أَنْ لاَ يُفْصَلَ فِي الأَرْبَعِ قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ وَاحْتَجَّ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ إِسْحَاقُ وَمَعْنَى أَنَّهُ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُنَّ بِالتَّسْلِيمِ يَعْنِي التَّشَهُّدَ ‏.‏ وَرَأَى الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ صَلاَةَ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ مَثْنَى مَثْنَى يَخْتَارَانِ الْفَصْلَ فِي الأَرْبَعِ قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ ‏.‏
Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:
“Allah’s Messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would pray four Rak’ah before Al-Asr separating between them with At-Taslim upon the angels that are close (to Allah) and those who follow them among the Muslims and the believers.”
Jami` at-Tirmidhi 429
Grade: Hasan

VOLUNTARY PRAYERS

Jannah (5)

Umm Habibah (May Allah be pleased with her) the Mother of the Believers reported:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, “A house will be built in Jannah for every Muslim who offers twelve Rak’ah of optional Salat other than the obligatory Salat in a day and a night (to seek the Pleasure of Allah).”

[Muslim].

RIYAD AS SALIHEEN
Hadith 107
Note : these extra 12 rakaats of optional prayers, according to Imam Nasaai and Tirmithi are : 2 rakaats before the obligatory prayer of Early morning (fajr), and 4 rakaats before (Duhr) and 2 rakaats after it ,and 2 rakaats after the obligatory of early evening prayer (magrib) and 2 rakaats after the obligatory prayer of night (isha) prayer.