The Night of Decree

saurah qadr (1)

Quran

Surah Qadr verses 1-5

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In Surah Dukhan verses 3-5

Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind].

On that night is made distinct every precise matter –

[Every] matter [proceeding] from Us. Indeed, We were to send [a messenger].

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Qadar means that Allah has decreed everything that happens in the universe according to His prior knowledge and the dictates of His wisdom. 

Belief in al-Qadar includes four things:

1 – The belief that Allaah knows all things, in general and in detail, from eternity to eternity, whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of His slaves.

2 – The belief that Allaah has written that in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees).

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Concerning these two matters Allah says in Surah al-Hajj 22:70

“Know you not that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz). Verily, that is easy for Allaah”

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Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As reported:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
Allah ordained the measures (of quality) of the creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, as His Throne was upon water.
Sahih Muslim 2653 b

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The first thing Allah created was the pen. He said to it: Write. It asked: What should I write, my Lord?
He said: Write what was decreed about everything till the Last Hour comes.
Sunan Abi Dawud 4700

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In Surah al-Hadid verse 22

“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al Lawh Al Mahfooz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah”

The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.

Al-Mubaarakpuri said:

“The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried” means,

What has been decreed has been written in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees), and nothing else will be written after that is finished.

Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 7/186

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The writing is of two types: one kind which cannot be altered or changed, which is what is in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz, and a type which may be altered or changed, which is in the hands of the angels. And the ultimate outcome is what is written in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz.

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3 – The belief that whatever happens only happens by the will of Allaah – whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of created beings.

Allah says concerning His actions in Surah al-Qasas verse 68

“And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses”

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4 – The belief that all things that happen are created by Allaah in their essence, their attributes and their movements.

Allah says in Surah al-Zumar verse 62

“Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian) over all things”

If a person believes in all these things then he believes correctly in the divine will and decree (al-qadar).

So the entire universe is the dominion of Allah, and nothing can happen in His dominion without His knowledge and will.

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Virtues of the Night of Qadr
‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to seclude himself (in the mosque) during the last ten nights of Ramadan. He would say, “Search for Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree) in the last ten nights of Ramadan.”
Riyad as Saliheen Hadith 201

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Doing Good deeds
Prayer at Night (Tahajjud)

 

Narrated Aisha:

With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (ﷺ) used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers.

Sahih al-Bukhari 2024

Narrated `Ali bin Abi Talib:

One night Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) came to me and Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet (ﷺ) and asked, “Won’t you pray (at night)?”

I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Our souls are in the hands of Allah and if He wants us to get up He will make us get up.

When I said that, he left us without saying anything and I heard that he was hitting his thigh and saying, “But man is more quarrelsome than anything.” (18.54)

Sahih al-Bukhari 1127

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Supplicating For Forgiveness And To Be Kept Safe and Sound.

It was narrated from ‘Aishah that she said:
“O Messenger of Allah, what do you think I should say in my supplication, if I come upon Laylatul-Qadr?”
He said: “Say: ‘Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni (O Allah, You are Forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me).'”
Sunan Ibn Majah 3850

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Rewards
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said:
“Whoever fasts during Ramadan” and according to the Hadith of Qutaibah, the Prophet said:
“Whoever spends the nights of Ramadan in prayer (Qiyam) out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will be forgiven his previous sins, and whoever spends the night of Lailat Al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will be forgiven his previous sins.”
Sunan an-Nasa’i 2202
So Laylat al-Qadr has this distinction, because it is prescribed for us during this night to strive hard in worship, du‘aa’ and dhikr, and to seek it

And Allah Alone knows and He is the source of all Power. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.

Seeking the Knowledge

Sahih Muslim (13)

وعن أبي الدرداء رضي الله عنه قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول‏:‏ ‏ “‏من سلك طريقًا يبتغي فيه علمًا سهل الله له طريقًا إلى الجنة، وإن الملائكة لتضع أجنحتها لطالب العلم رضا بما صنع، وإن العالم ليستغفر له من في السماوات والأرض حتى الحيتان في الماء، وفضل العالم على العابد كفضل القمر على سائر الكواكب، وإن العلماء ورثة الأنبياء وإن الأنبياء لم يورثوا دينارًا ولا درهما وإنما ورثوا العلم‏.‏ فمن أخذه أخذ بحظ وافر‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه أبو داود والترمذي‏)‏‏)‏‏.

Abud-Darda (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who follows a path in quest of knowledge, Allah will make the path of Jannah easy to him. The angels lower their wings over the seeker of knowledge, being pleased with what he does. The inhabitants of the heavens and the earth and even the fish in the depth of the oceans seek forgiveness for him. The superiority of the learned man over the devout worshipper is like that of the full moon to the rest of the stars (i.e., in brightness). The learned are the heirs of the Prophets who bequeath neither dinar nor dirham but only that of knowledge; and he who acquires it, has in fact acquired an abundant portion.”

[Abu Dawud and At- Tirmidhi].

Riyad as Saliheen
Hadith 1388

When Allah loves a slave

Sahih Muslim (11)
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “When Allah loves a slave, calls out Jibril and says: ‘I love so-and-so; so love him’. Then Jibril loves him. After that he (Jibril) announces to the inhabitants of heavens that Allah loves so- and-so; so love him; and the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) also love him and then make people on earth love him”.

[Al- Bukhari and Muslim].

Another narration of Muslim is: Messenger of Allah, (ﷺ) said: “When Allah loves a slave, He calls Jibril (Gabriel) and says: ‘I love so-and-so; so love him.’ And then Jibril loves him. Then he (Jibril) announces in the heavens saying: Allah loves so-and-so; so love him; then the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) also love him; and then people on earth love him. And when Allah hates a slave, He calls Jibril and says: ‘I hate so- and-so, so hate him.’ Then Jibril also hates him. He (Jibril) then announces amongst the inhabitants of heavens: ‘Verily, Allah hates so- and-so, so you also hate him.’ Thus they also start to hate him. Then he becomes the object of hatred on the earth also”.

[Al- Bukhari and Muslim].

Riyad as Saliheen
Hadith 387

Invoke Allah in Surreptitiously

Sahih Muslim (9)

Offering Salat (prayer) and invoking Allah in the last hours of the night (Tahajjud)

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، وَأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الأَغَرِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ يَنْزِلُ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا حِينَ يَبْقَى ثُلُثُ اللَّيْلِ الآخِرُ يَقُولُ مَنْ يَدْعُونِي فَأَسْتَجِيبَ لَهُ مَنْ يَسْأَلُنِي فَأُعْطِيَهُ مَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُنِي فَأَغْفِرَ لَهُ ‏”‏‏.‏

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) (p.b.u.h) said,

“Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying:

“Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation?

Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request?

Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?”

Sahih al-Bukhari 1145

Establish Prayer

success (2)

Quran

Surah Taha

verse 14

Indeed, I am Allah . There is no deity except Me, so worship Me and establish prayer for My remembrance.

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It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that :
When the Messenger of Allah was coming back from the battle of Khaibar, night came and he felt sleepy, so he made camp and said to Bilal: “Keep watch for us tonight.”
Bilal prayed as much as Allah decreed for him, and the Messenger of Allah and his Companions went to sleep.
When dawn was approaching, Bilal went to his mount, facing towards the east, watching for the dawn. Then Bilal’s eyes grew heavy while he was leaning on his mount (and he slept). Neither Bilal nor any of his Companions woke until they felt the heat of the sun. The Messenger of Allah was the first one to wake up.
The Messenger of Allah was startled and said: “O Bilal!” Bilal said: “The same thing happened to me as happened to you.
May my father and mother be ransomed for you, O Messenger of Allah!”
He said: “Bring your mounts forward a little.
” So they brought their mounts forward a little (away from that place).
Then the Messenger of Allah performed ablution and told Bilal to call the Iqamah for prayer, and he led them in the prayer.
When the Prophet finished praying,
he said: “Whoever forgets a Salah, let him pray it when he remembers, for Allah says: And perform the prayer for My remembrance.” [Ta-Ha: 14]
He (one of the narrators) said: “Ibn Shihab used to recite this Verse as meaning, ‘when you remember’.”
Sunan Ibn Majah 697

The Regularity of Deeds

Sahih Muslim (6)

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عُقْبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ سَدِّدُوا وَقَارِبُوا، وَاعْلَمُوا أَنْ لَنْ يُدْخِلَ أَحَدَكُمْ عَمَلُهُ الْجَنَّةَ، وَأَنَّ أَحَبَّ الأَعْمَالِ أَدْوَمُهَا إِلَى اللَّهِ، وَإِنْ قَلَّ ‏”

Narrated `Aisha:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately and know that your deeds will not make you enter Paradise, and that the most beloved deed to Allah is the most regular and constant even if it were little.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 6464